The LCVP was actually a modification of the Higgins Industries 'Eureka' boat. It was the most numerous of WWII's famous Higgins Boats.It was basically constructed of wood, and was used in transporting fully armed troops, light vehicles, and other equipment and supplies essential to amphibious operations. It was these boats that made the D-Day landings at Normandy, Iwo Jima, Guadalcanal, Tarawa, and hundreds of lesser-known places possible.
Without Higgins' uniquely designed craft there could not have been a mass landing of troops and material on European shores or on the beaches of the Pacific islands, at least not without a tremendously higher rate of Allied casualties.
The LCVP could land a platoon of 36 men with their equipment, or a jeep and 12 men, extract itself quickly, turn around without broaching in the surf, and go back out to get more troops and/or supplies. This was critical—any landing craft that could not extract itself would hinder the ability of succeeding waves to reach the beachhead. The tough, highly maneuverable Higgins boats allowed Allied commanders to plan their assaults on relatively less-defended coastline areas and then support a beachhead staging area rather than be forced to capture a port city with wharves and facilities to offload men and material. The 20,000+ Higgins boats manufactured by Higgins Industries and others licensed to use Higgins designs landed more Allied troops during the war than all other types of landing craft combined.
Specifications for the Higgins Industries 36-foot LCVP
Wood (oak, pine and mahogany)
15,000 Pounds (light)
3' aft, 2' 2" forward
Two .30-Caliber Machine Guns
Three - Coxswain, Engineer and Crewman
8,100 Pounds of Cargo
Gray 225-HP Diesel Engine
With my Special thanks to the website :http://ussrankin.org/index.htm
Higgins was born in Columbus, Nebraska, on August 28, 1886. His early life was spent along the Loup and Platte Rivers near the city. Perhaps his interest in shallow draft boats was born on these shallow, sandbar-infested rivers. His interest in shallow draft boats, the type you would see on these rivers, was a life-long influence. As a youngster in Columbus, he started a lawn mowing business and tried to corner the market on lawn services in the town.In the early 1900's Higgins joined the Nebraska National Guard and served as an infantry officer. Higgins then moved south to pursue opportunities in the lumber business. In order to get to the stands of hardwood trees in the back swamps of Louisiana, he developed a shallow draft boat. This design would later help the nation win a war. In the 1930's Higgins created Higgins Industries of New Orleans and designed the famous Eureka boat. The design features of this craft would be used in the LCVPs (Land Craft Vehicle Personnel) of World War II.
During the war, his company produced over 20,000 boats for the war effort, including the famous LCVP, more often called the Higgins boat. This landing craft participated in every major invasion of the war, including North Africa, Sicily, Italy, D-Day at Normandy, and the islands of the Pacific, including Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Saipan, Tinian, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa.
Andrew Jackson Higgins died on August 1, 1952. He is buried in Metairie Cemetery just outside of New Orleans.
"Andrew Higgins ..."
..Eisenhower said.. "is the man who won the war for us." "...If Higgins had not designed and built those LCVP's, we never could have landed over an open beach. The whole strategy of the war would have been different